Where the Sea Meets the Sky

8 KB photo of the surface of the open mid-pacific ocean

The importance of the surface skin of the sea

Key Facts about Where the Sky meets the Sea

Activities for investigating the sea surface

Sea Keeper Profile: Dr. Jack Hardy

Director, Center for Environmental Science, Huxley College of Environmental Studies Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington

Dr. Jack Hardy has opened up a whole new, fascinating and important area of marine biology - the surface of the sea. It has fascinated him since he realised the ocean's skin is the richest, most extensive habitat on the surface of our planet. Jack teaches courses in environmental science, aquatic toxicology, and global environmental change at Western Washington University in America's Northwest. He also directs graduate research on the effects of human-induced disturbances in marine and freshwater environments.

He is an internationally-recognised expert on the biology and chemistry of the aquatic surface layer. Recently his research has focused on using remote sensing technology and the health of coral reefs.

Jack has published 2 books, 4 book chapters, 43 peer-reviewed journal articles and 31 technical reports and directed more than 30 funded research projects.

His current research includes:

How do sea creatures and ecosystems respond to contaminants concentrated on the surface of the sea? He has studied aquatic invertebrates, fish larvae, and algae to find out, and his discoveries have been shocking.